原生JS封装拖动验证滑块你会吗?

以前我也写过一个这样子的滑块,不过使用的是JQuery封装的,兼容性比较好,同时兼容手机手指滑动,以后再分享给你们。今天来看看这个原生的JS滑块是怎么写的吧。

作者:_release 原文:https://juejin.im/post/5ed37a73e51d45788c739784

前言

闲着没事,就想着写写原生js玩玩,在网上看了几个效果后决定做这个效果,并且使用了prototype和eventEmitter封装成了库。

最终效果

分析

看到这个效果我们首先应该想到和拖动有关的api: onmousedown, onmousemove, onmouseup

其次要支持用户传入放置这个组件的dom元素和完成的回调事件。

最终如何使用?

我们先来看下使用方式,再来决定我们怎么编写这个库

具体使用就是这样的,我们还想用户能通过import等方式使用,所以我们就要支持esMoudule的导入方式。

编写库的整体初始框架

(function () {
    // =================代码块1=========================================
    var root = (typeof self == 'object' && self.self == self && self) ||
        (typeof global == 'object' && global.global == global && global) ||
        this || {}; 
    var util = {
        extend: function (target) {
            for (var i = 1, len = arguments.length; i < len; i++) {
                for (var prop in arguments[i]) {
                    if (arguments[i].hasOwnProperty(prop)) {
                        target[prop] = arguments[i][prop]
                    }
                }
            }
            return target
        },
        isValidListener: function (listener) {
            if (typeof listener === 'function') {
                return true
            } else if (listener && typeof listener === 'object') {
                return util.isValidListener(listener.listener)
            } else {
                return false
            }
        },
        addCSS: function (cssText) {
            var style = document.createElement('style'),  //创建一个style元素
                head = document.head || document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0]; //获取head元素
            style.type = 'text/css'; //这里必须显示设置style元素的type属性为text/css,否则在ie中不起作用
            if (style.styleSheet) { //IE
                var func = function () {
                    try { //防止IE中stylesheet数量超过限制而发生错误
                        style.styleSheet.cssText = cssText;
                    } catch (e) {

                    }
                }
                //如果当前styleSheet还不能用,则放到异步中则行
                if (style.styleSheet.disabled) {
                    setTimeout(func, 10);
                } else {
                    func();
                }
            } else { //w3c
                //w3c浏览器中只要创建文本节点插入到style元素中就行了
                var textNode = document.createTextNode(cssText);
                style.appendChild(textNode);
            }
            head.appendChild(style); //把创建的style元素插入到head中
        },
        indexOf: function (array, item) {
            if (array.indexOf) {
                return array.indexOf(item);
            } else {
                var result = -1;
                for (var i = 0, len = array.length; i < len; i++) {
                    if (array[i] === item) {
                        result = i;
                        break;
                    }
                }
                return result;
            }
        }
    }
    
    function EventEmitter() {
        this._events = {}
    }

    EventEmitter.prototype.on = function (eventName, listener) {
        if (!eventName || !listener) return;
        if (!util.isValidListener(listener)) {
            throw new TypeError('listener must be a function');
        }
        var events = this._events;
        var listeners = events[eventName] = events[eventName] || [];
        var listenerIsWrapped = typeof listener === 'object';
        // 不重复添加事件
        if (util.indexOf(listeners, listener) === -1) {
            listeners.push(listenerIsWrapped ? listener : {
                listener: listener,
                once: false
            });
        }
        return this;
    };
    EventEmitter.prototype.once = function (eventName, listener) {
        return this.on(eventName, {
            listener: listener,
            once: true
        })
    };
    EventEmitter.prototype.off = function (eventName, listener) {
        var listeners = this._events[eventName];
        if (!listeners) return;
        var index;
        for (var i = 0, len = listeners.length; i < len; i++) {
            if (listeners[i] && listeners[i].listener === listener) {
                index = i;
                break;
            }
        }
        if (typeof index !== 'undefined') {
            listeners.splice(index, 1, null)
        }
        return this;
    };
    EventEmitter.prototype.emit = function (eventName, args) {
        var listeners = this._events[eventName];
        if (!listeners) return;
        for (var i = 0; i < listeners.length; i++) {
            var listener = listeners[i];
            if (listener) {
                listener.listener.apply(this, args || []);
                if (listener.once) {
                    this.off(eventName, listener.listener)
                }
            }
        }
        return this;
    };
    
    // =================代码块2=========================================
    function SliderTools(options) {
        this.options = util.extend({}, this.constructor.defaultOptions, options)
        this.init();
        this.bindEvents();
        this.diffX = 0;
        this.flag = false;//是否拖动到最右侧
    }

    SliderTools.defaultOptions = {
        el: document.body //默认放到body里
    };
    
    var proto = SliderTools.prototype = new EventEmitter();//SliderTools继承emitter
    
    proto.constructor = SliderTools;//修正构造器

    proto.init = function () {
        this.createSlider();//创建插件所需要的dom元素
        this.getElements();//获取创建好的元素
    }
    
   // =================代码块3=========================================
    if (typeof exports != 'undefined' && !exports.nodeType) {
        if (typeof module != 'undefined' && !module.nodeType && module.exports) {
            exports = module.exports = SliderTools;
        }
        exports.SliderTools = SliderTools;
    } else {
        root.SliderTools = SliderTools;
    }
}());

代码块1是在判断是在浏览器环境还是nodeJS环境,方便代码三后期使用, 代码块2声明了一个对象SliderTools,将用户传进来的option和默认的defaultOption进行合并

编写核心函数1(创建dom和css)

proto.createSlider = function () {
    this.options.el.innerHTML = '<div id="slider"><div class="drag_bg"></div><div class="drag_text" onselectstart="return false;" unselectable="on">拖动滑块验证</div><div class="handler handler_bg"></div></div>';//像指定元素中放置插件的dom元素
    util.addCSS('ul,li {list-style: none;} a {text-decoration: none;} .wrap {width: 300px;height: 350px;text-align: center;margin: 150px auto;}.inner {padding: 15px;} .clearfix {overflow: hidden;_zoom: 1;} .none {display: none;} #slider {position:relative;background-color: #e8e8e8;width: 300px;height: 34px;line-height: 34px;text-align: center;} #slider .handler {position: absolute;top: 0px;left: 0px;width: 40px;height: 32px;border: 1px solid #ccc;cursor: move;}    .handler_bg {background: #fff  url("data:image/png;base64,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") no-repeat center;} .handler_ok_bg {background: #fff    url("data:image/png;base64,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")    no-repeat center;}#slider .drag_bg {background-color: #7ac23c;    height: 34px;width: 0px;} #slider .drag_text {position: absolute;    top: 0px;width: 300px;-moz-user-select: none;-webkit-user-select: none;user-select: none;-o-user-select: none;-ms-user-select: none;    }.unselect {-moz-user-select: none;-webkit-user-select: none;    -ms-user-select: none;}.slide_ok {color: #fff;}')//像页面里add新的样式
}
proto.getElements = function () {
    this.slider = document.querySelector('#slider');
    this.drag_bg = document.querySelector('.drag_bg');
    this.handler = document.querySelector('.handler');
}

编写核心函数2(绑定事件)

proto.bindEvents = function () {
    var self = this;
    self.handler.onmousedown = function (e) {
        self.diffX = e.clientX - self.handler.offsetLeft;
        util.setClassName(self.slider, 'unselect'); //禁止选择样式
        document.onmousemove = function (e) {
            let deltaX = e.clientX - self.diffX;
            if (deltaX >= self.slider.offsetWidth - self.handler.offsetWidth) { //拖动到了最右侧
                deltaX = self.slider.offsetWidth - self.handler.offsetWidth;
                self.flag = true;
            } else if (deltaX <= 0) {
                deltaX = 0;
                self.flag = false;
            } else {
                self.flag = false;
            }
            util.setInlineStyle([self.handler], 'left', deltaX + 'px');
            util.setInlineStyle([self.drag_bg], 'width', deltaX + 'px');
        }
        document.onmouseup = function (e) {
            util.setClassName(self.slider, '')
            if (self.flag) {
                util.setClassName(self.slider, 'slide_ok') //拖动完成后的样式
                util.addClass(self.handler, 'handler_ok_bg')////拖动完成后的样式
                self.handler.onmousedown = null //防止拖动完成后再次拖动
                self.emit('complete')//emit通知使用者的回调事件
            } else {
                util.setInlineStyle([self.handler], 'left', 0 + 'px');
                util.setInlineStyle([self.drag_bg], 'width', 0 + 'px');
            }
            document.onmousemove = null;
            document.onmouseup = null;
        }
    }
}

添加工具方法(核心函数2中用到的)

var util = {
    // ...初始框架里的那部分
    setClassName(selector, className) {
        selector.className = className;
    },
    addClass(selector, className) {
        selector.classList.add(className);
    },
    setInlineStyle(selector, attr, content) {
        let length = selector.length;
        for (let i = 0; i < length; i++) {
            selector[i].style[attr] = content;
        }
    },
}

最终完整可运行代码

(function () {
    var root = (typeof self == 'object' && self.self == self && self) ||
        (typeof global == 'object' && global.global == global && global) ||
        this || {};
    var util = {
        extend: function (target) {
            for (var i = 1, len = arguments.length; i < len; i++) {
                for (var prop in arguments[i]) {
                    if (arguments[i].hasOwnProperty(prop)) {
                        target[prop] = arguments[i][prop]
                    }
                }
            }
            return target
        },
        setClassName(selector, className) {
            selector.className = className;
        },
        addClass(selector, className) {
            selector.classList.add(className);
        },
        setInlineStyle(selector, attr, content) {
            let length = selector.length;
            for (let i = 0; i < length; i++) {
                selector[i].style[attr] = content;
            }
        },
        isValidListener: function (listener) {
            if (typeof listener === 'function') {
                return true
            } else if (listener && typeof listener === 'object') {
                return util.isValidListener(listener.listener)
            } else {
                return false
            }
        },
        addCSS: function (cssText) {
            var style = document.createElement('style'),  //创建一个style元素
                head = document.head || document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0]; //获取head元素
            style.type = 'text/css'; //这里必须显示设置style元素的type属性为text/css,否则在ie中不起作用
            if (style.styleSheet) { //IE
                var func = function () {
                    try { //防止IE中stylesheet数量超过限制而发生错误
                        style.styleSheet.cssText = cssText;
                    } catch (e) {

                    }
                }
                //如果当前styleSheet还不能用,则放到异步中则行
                if (style.styleSheet.disabled) {
                    setTimeout(func, 10);
                } else {
                    func();
                }
            } else { //w3c
                //w3c浏览器中只要创建文本节点插入到style元素中就行了
                var textNode = document.createTextNode(cssText);
                style.appendChild(textNode);
            }
            head.appendChild(style); //把创建的style元素插入到head中
        },
        indexOf: function (array, item) {
            if (array.indexOf) {
                return array.indexOf(item);
            } else {
                var result = -1;
                for (var i = 0, len = array.length; i < len; i++) {
                    if (array[i] === item) {
                        result = i;
                        break;
                    }
                }
                return result;
            }
        }
    }

    function EventEmitter() {
        this._events = {}
    }

    EventEmitter.prototype.on = function (eventName, listener) {
        if (!eventName || !listener) return;

        if (!util.isValidListener(listener)) {
            throw new TypeError('listener must be a function');
        }

        var events = this._events;
        var listeners = events[eventName] = events[eventName] || [];
        var listenerIsWrapped = typeof listener === 'object';

        // 不重复添加事件
        if (util.indexOf(listeners, listener) === -1) {
            listeners.push(listenerIsWrapped ? listener : {
                listener: listener,
                once: false
            });
        }

        return this;
    };
    EventEmitter.prototype.once = function (eventName, listener) {
        return this.on(eventName, {
            listener: listener,
            once: true
        })
    };
    EventEmitter.prototype.off = function (eventName, listener) {
        var listeners = this._events[eventName];
        if (!listeners) return;

        var index;
        for (var i = 0, len = listeners.length; i < len; i++) {
            if (listeners[i] && listeners[i].listener === listener) {
                index = i;
                break;
            }
        }

        if (typeof index !== 'undefined') {
            listeners.splice(index, 1, null)
        }

        return this;
    };
    EventEmitter.prototype.emit = function (eventName, args) {
        var listeners = this._events[eventName];
        if (!listeners) return;

        for (var i = 0; i < listeners.length; i++) {
            var listener = listeners[i];
            if (listener) {
                listener.listener.apply(this, args || []);
                if (listener.once) {
                    this.off(eventName, listener.listener)
                }
            }
        }
        return this;
    };

    function SliderTools(options) {
        this.options = util.extend({}, this.constructor.defaultOptions, options)
        this.init();
        this.bindEvents();
        this.diffX = 0;
        this.flag = false;
    }

    SliderTools.VERSION = '1.0.0';

    SliderTools.defaultOptions = {
        el: document.body
    };

    var proto = SliderTools.prototype = new EventEmitter();

    proto.constructor = SliderTools;

    proto.init = function () {
        this.createSlider();
        this.getElements();
    }

    proto.createSlider = function () {
        this.options.el.innerHTML = '<div id="slider"><div class="drag_bg"></div><div class="drag_text" onselectstart="return false;" unselectable="on">拖动滑块验证</div><div class="handler handler_bg"></div></div>';
        util.addCSS('ul, li {    list-style: none;    }    a {    text-decoration: none;    }    .wrap {    width: 300px;    height: 350px;    text-align: center;    margin: 150px auto;    }    .inner {    padding: 15px;    }    .clearfix {    overflow: hidden;    _zoom: 1;    }    .none {    display: none;    }    #slider {    position: relative;    background-color: #e8e8e8;    width: 300px;    height: 34px;    line-height: 34px;    text-align: center;    }    #slider .handler {    position: absolute;    top: 0px;    left: 0px;    width: 40px;    height: 32px;    border: 1px solid #ccc;    cursor: move;}    .handler_bg {    background: #fff    url("data:image/png;base64,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")    no-repeat center;    }    .handler_ok_bg {    background: #fff    url("data:image/png;base64,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")    no-repeat center;    }    #slider .drag_bg {    background-color: #7ac23c;    height: 34px;    width: 0px;       }    #slider .drag_text {    position: absolute;    top: 0px;    width: 300px;    -moz-user-select: none;    -webkit-user-select: none;    user-select: none;    -o-user-select: none;    -ms-user-select: none;    }    .unselect {    -moz-user-select: none;    -webkit-user-select: none;    -ms-user-select: none;    }    .slide_ok {    color: #fff;    }')
    }
    proto.getElements = function () {
        this.slider = document.querySelector('#slider');
        this.drag_bg = document.querySelector('.drag_bg');
        this.handler = document.querySelector('.handler');
    }
    proto.bindEvents = function () {
        var self = this;
        self.handler.onmousedown = function (e) {
            self.diffX = e.clientX - self.handler.offsetLeft;
            util.setClassName(self.slider, 'unselect');
            document.onmousemove = function (e) {
                let deltaX = e.clientX - self.diffX;
                if (deltaX >= self.slider.offsetWidth - self.handler.offsetWidth) {
                    deltaX = self.slider.offsetWidth - self.handler.offsetWidth;
                    self.flag = true;
                } else if (deltaX <= 0) {
                    deltaX = 0;
                    self.flag = false;
                } else {
                    self.flag = false;
                }
                util.setInlineStyle([self.handler], 'left', deltaX + 'px');
                util.setInlineStyle([self.drag_bg], 'width', deltaX + 'px');
            }
            document.onmouseup = function (e) {
                util.setClassName(self.slider, '')
                if (self.flag) {
                    util.setClassName(self.slider, 'slide_ok')
                    util.addClass(self.handler, 'handler_ok_bg')
                    self.handler.onmousedown = null
                    self.emit('complete')
                } else {
                    util.setInlineStyle([self.handler], 'left', 0 + 'px');
                    util.setInlineStyle([self.drag_bg], 'width', 0 + 'px');
                }
                document.onmousemove = null;
                document.onmouseup = null;
            }
        }
    }
    if (typeof exports != 'undefined' && !exports.nodeType) {
        if (typeof module != 'undefined' && !module.nodeType && module.exports) {
            exports = module.exports = SliderTools;
        }
        exports.SliderTools = SliderTools;
    } else {
        root.SliderTools = SliderTools;
    }
}());

let slider = new SliderTools();
slider.on('complete',() => {
    alert('验证完成');
})
以上就是这个原生JS写的滑块,其实网上搜索有很多这种组件,大同小异,本文也算是给大家一个参考。